# Category Archives: Uncategorized

## Streaming Arithmetic Coding

In the previous post we saw the basic definitions of arithmetic encoding and decoding, and a proof that decoding does indeed successfully retrieve the input. In this post we go on to show how both encoding and decoding can be … Continue reading

## Arithmetic Coding

This post is about the data compression method called arithmetic coding, by which a text is encoded as a subinterval of the unit interval, which is then represented as a bit sequence. It can often encode more effectively than Huffman … Continue reading

## The Digits of Pi

In the previous post we were introduced to metamorphisms, which consist of an unfold after a foldâ€”typically on lists, and the fold part typically a . A canonical example is the conversion of a fraction from one base to another. … Continue reading

## Metamorphisms

It appears that I have insufficient time, or at least insufficient discipline, to contribute to this blog, except when I am on sabbatical. Which I now am… so let’s see if I can do better. Hylomorphisms I don’t think I’ve … Continue reading

## Breadth-First Traversal

Recently Eitan Chatav asked in the Programming Haskell group on Facebook What is the correct way to write breadth first traversal of a ? He’s thinking of “traversal” in the sense of the class, and gave a concrete declaration of … Continue reading

## Comprehensions

Prompted by some recent work I’ve been doing on reasoning about monadic computations, I’ve been looking back at the work from the 1990s by Phil Trinder, Limsoon Wong, Leonidas Fegaras, Torsten Grust, and others, on monad comprehensions as a framework … Continue reading

## Upwards and downwards accumulations

Continuing my work in regress, this post revisits—with the benefit of much hindsight—what I was working on for my DPhil thesis (which was summarized in a paper at MPC 1992) and in subsequent papers at MPC 1998 and in SCP … Continue reading

## Distributivity in Horner’s Rule

This is a continuation of my previous post on Horner’s Rule, and in particular, of the discussion there about distributivity in the datatype-generic version of the Maximum Segment Sum problem: the essential property behind Horner’s Rule is one of distributivity. … Continue reading

## Horner’s Rule

This post is about my all-time favourite calculation, of a linear-time algorithm for the maximum segment sum problem, based on Horner’s Rule. The problem was popularized in Jon Bentley’s Programming Pearls series in CACM (and in the subsequent book), but … Continue reading

## Morality and temptation

Inspired by Bob Harper’s recent postings, I too have a confession to make. I know what is morally right; but sometimes the temptation is too great, and my resolve is weak, and I lapse. Fast and loose reasoning may excuse … Continue reading